Hi guest, Register | Login | Contact Us
Welcome to Phayul.com - Our News Your Views
Wed 14, Oct 2015 09:32 AM (IST)
Search:     powered by Google
Photo News
Statements &
Press Releases

Book Reviews
Movie Reviews
News Discussions
News Archives
Download photos from Tibet
 Latest Stories
Miss Tibet participates in Miss Global 2015
Congressional Commission report exposes China’s human rights claims
Tibetan political prisoner rearrested for ‘separatist activities’
TYC’s indefinite hunger strike called off after UN assurances
Thousands take pledge to refrain from non - virtuous deeds
Dalai Lama congratulates 2015 Nobel Peace Prize winner
Dalai Lama blesses Petoen School on its 10th Anniversary
Tibetan writer released after more than a decade in jail
Dalai Lama representatives to receive 2015 Liberty Medal on his behalf
Future ‘Tibetan Rocket Scientist’ honored with highest DoE scholarship
 Latest Photo News
Contestants for the Miss Himalaya Pageant pose for shutterbugs, McLeod Ganj, Oct. 2, 2015. The contest, organized by Lobsang Wangyal Productons, will be held On Oct. 3, 2015. 
Phayul Photo/Kunsang Gashon
His Holiness the Dalai Lama joins Swami Guru Sharanand-ji Maharaj (to his right) and members of Karshni Ashram for lunch in Trimbakeshwar, Maharashtra, India, August 31, 2015. Photo/Tenzin Choejor/OHHDL
Exile Tibetan PM Lobsang Sangay hoists the Indian tricolor as members of the Kashag, senior officials of the Central Tibetan Administration participate in an official function to mark the 69th Independence Day of India, Kashag Secretariat, Aug. 15, Phayul Photo
more photos »
The Story of Tibetan New Year
Phayul[Tuesday, February 05, 2008 15:14]

Happy Losar (Tibetan New Year)!

It is time again for Tibetans around the world to celebrate their Losar; this time- the Year of the Earth Mouse 2135.

Tibetans and a section of Buddhists around the world will celebrate Losar on Thursday, February 7, 2008. The celebration normally lasts for three days, and it all means time for geetings, togetherness and abundant festivities, and time for prayers as well.

Following is "The Story of Losar" contributed by Venerable Salden of Namgyal Monastery (Personal Monastery of His Holiness the Dalai Lama) to Tibet Center, Chicago

The word Losar is a Tibetan word for New Year. LO means year and SAR means new.

The celebration of Losar can be traced back to the pre-Buddhist period in Tibet. During the period when Tibetans practiced the Bon religion, every winter a spiritual ceremony was held, in which people offered large quantities of incense to appease the local spirits, deities and protectors. This religious festival later evolved into an annual Buddhist festival which is believed to have originated during the reign of Pude Gungyal, the ninth King of Tibet. The festival is said to have begun when an old woman named Belma introduced the measurement of time based on the phases of the moon. This festival took place during the flowering of the apricot trees of the Lhokha Yarla Shampo region in autumn, and it may have been the first celebration of what has become the traditional farmers' festival. It was during this period that the arts of cultivation, irrigation, refining iron from ore and building bridges were first introduced in Tibet. The ceremonies which were instituted to celebrate these new capabilities can be recognized as precursors of the Losar festival. Later when the rudiments of the science of astrology, based on the five elements, were introduced in Tibet, this farmer's festival became what we now call the Losar or New Year's festival.

The calendar is made up of twelve lunar months and Losar begins on the first day of the first month. In the monasteries, the celebrations for the Losar begin on the twenty-ninth day of the twelfth month. That is the day before the Tibetan New Year's Eve. On that day the monasteries do a protector deities' puja (a special kind of ritual) and begin preparations for the Losar celebrations. The custom that day is to make special noodle called guthuk. It is made of nine different ingredients including dried cheese and various grains. Also, dough balls are given out with various ingredients hidden in them such as chilies, salt, wool, rice and coal. The ingredients one finds hidden in one's dough ball are supposed to be a lighthearted comment on one's character. If a person finds chilies in their dough, it means they are talkative. If white-colored ingredients like salt, wool or rice are inside the dough it is considered a good sign. If a person finds coal in the dough it has much the same meaning as finding coal in one's Christmas stocking; it means you have a "black heart".

The last day of the year is a time to clean and prepare for the approaching New Year. In the monasteries it is a day of preparations. The finest decorations are put up and elaborate offerings are made of called "Lama Losar". In the early dawn of this day, the monks of Namgyal Monastery offer a sacrificial cake (Tse- tor) on top of the main temple (Potala in Tibet) to the supreme hierarchy of Dharma protectors, the glorious goddess Palden Lhamo. Led by the Dalai Lama, the abbots of three great monasteries, lamas, reincarnated monks, government officials and dignitaries join the ceremony and offer their contemplative prayers, while the monks of Namgyal Monastery recite the invocation of Palden Lhamo. After the completion of this ceremony, all assemble in the hall called Excellence of Samsara and Nirvana for a formal greeting ceremony. Seated on his or her respective cushions, everyone exchanges the traditional greeting, "Tashi delek".

In order to wish the His Holiness the Dalai Lama good luck for the coming year, consecrated long-life pills (tse-ril) made out of roasted barley dough are offered to him by the representatives of the three great monasteries, the two Tantric Colleges, etc. Then entertainers (garma) perform a dance of good wishes. And two senior monks stage a debate on Buddhist philosophy, and conclude their debate with an auspicious recitation composed especially for the event, in which the whole spectrum of Buddhist teaching is first briefly reviewed. A request is made to His Holiness and to all holders of the doctrine to remain for a long time amongst beings in samsara in order to serve them through their enlightened activities. The official ceremony of the day then concludes with a ceremonial farewell to the His Holiness, who then retires to his palace.

The second day of Losar is known as King's Losar (gyal-po lo-sar) because officially the day is reserved for a secular gathering in the hall of Excellence of Samsara and Nirvana. His Holiness and his government exchange greetings with both monastic and lay dignitaries, such as representatives of China, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Mongolia and other foreign visitors.

Then from the third day onwards, the people and monks begin to celebrate and enjoy the festive season. In Tibet before the Chinese came, Losar had been celebrated for fifteen days or more. In India today we celebrate for three days, and in America we have minimized it to one day. In this way the three days of the New Year celebration officially concludes.
Print Send Bookmark and Share
 Related Stories
Monlam Chenmo (The Great Prayer Festival)
Celebrating Tibetan New Year
  Readers' Comments »
Be the first to comment on this article

 Other Stories
The Story of Tibetan New Year
Why are we scared of China?
Chinese Communists Secure Regime With Massive Military Budget
Photo Galleries
Phayul.com does not endorse the advertisements placed on the site. It does not have any control over the google ads. Please send the URL of the ads if found objectionable to editor@phayul.com
Copyright © 2004-2015 Phayul.com   feedback | advertise | contact us
Powered by Lateng Online